Contemporary Theories of Motivation Early motivation theories were based on the assumptions and sometime these theories were not supported by strong evidence. Elizabeth C. Rodriguez Jessica Pettyjohn Chapter 11 Week 10 Motivation is the process of instigating and sustaining goal-directed behavior. What is Motivation? Human beings are ever-changing. He divided employees into Theory X employees who avoid work and dislike responsibility and Theory Y employees who enjoy … Motivation is a process that starts with a physiological or psychological need that INTEGRATING THEORIES OF MOTIVATION PIERS STEEL University of Calgary CORNELIUS J. KONIG¨ Universita¨t Zu¨rich Progress toward understanding human behavior has been hindered by discipline-bound theories, dividing our efforts. There are different views on motivation. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 5eda18-MjFhZ Motivation is a dynamic and continuous process. These views are explained as theories of motivation. Humanistic Theory! We have appreciated earlier the importance of motivation in determining human behaviour . Contemporary theories of motivation incorporate equity, control and agency theory, as well as goal setting, reinforcement, and job design theory. In today’s module we will review the concept of motivation and various theories of motivation. Let’s now give a brief overview of each of these theories of motivation. A need is a human condition that becomes “energized” when people feel deficient in some respect. Content Theories of Motivation Describe a content theory of motivation. ADVERTISEMENTS: The theories of motivation, try to provide general sets of principles to guide our understanding of the urges, wants, needs, desires, strivings and goals […] The theories presented in this section focus on the importance of human needs. The main process theories of motivation are – Skinner’s Reinforcement Theory, Vroom’s Expectancy Theory, Adam’s Equity Theory, and Locke’s Goal Setting Theory. Therefore, alternative theories of motivation have been put forward over time. Theories like the expectancy theory of motivation, the equity theory of motivation, and the arousal theory of motivation are the most applicable to psychology. ADVERTISEMENTS: Three Main Theories on Motivation are 1. Importance of Motivation. According to various theories, motivation may be rooted in a basic need to minimize physical pain and maximize pleasure, or it may include specific needs such as eating and resting, or a desired object, goal, state of being, ideal, or it may be attributed to less-apparent reasons such as altruism, selfishness, morality, or avoiding mortality. The main process theories are: Skinner’s reinforcement theory, Victor Vroom's expectancy theory, Adam’s equity theory and Locke’s goal setting theory (Figure 1). Psychoanalytic Theory 3. A common thread through all of them is that people have a variety of needs. Human needs are unlimited and go on changing continuously. Satisfaction of one need gives rise to another so managers have to continuously perform the function of motivation. Optimal-level Theory, 2. The diagram below shows how the different motivation theories fit within the scheme of things. The motivation Maslow’s theory ofneeds PowerPoint is such diagram that shows the different aspects of human needs and its fulfillment. If you’re interested in learning more about the top motivational theories, check out the link in the education section above. The main content theories are: Maslow ’ s needs hierarchy, Alderfer’s ERG theory, McClelland’s achievement motivation and Herzberg’s two-factor theory. The theories of motivation maybe categorized according to their definitions and purpose but critical analysis reveal that they are all linked, they lead to serving satisfaction in employees. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a good example of this approach. Fortunately, these separate endeavors are con-verging and can be effectively integrated. It is a pyramid PowerPoint design because Abraham Maslow’s has arranged his conceptualizations in a pyramid sequence. Douglas McGregor proposed two theories, Theory X and Theory Y, to explain employee motivation and its implications for management. MOTIVATION & ITS THEORIES Welcome to today’s lesson on motivation.